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  • Writer's pictureRobert Davis Wellness

Understanding knee conditions

Have you ever suffered from knee discomfort that doesn't go away, especially if you lead an active lifestyle? The condition may be referred to as Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS). It is a term used to describe nonspecific anterior knee pain that occurs near or below the patella. Overactivity and excessive mechanical stress on the patellofemoral joint are usually the main causes. The pain felt when moving is caused by various variables, although the etiology in terms of tissue dysfunction is not always obvious.

Understanding the Patella's Complexities

The quadriceps (patellar) tendon wraps around the sesamoid bone known as the patella. It is interesting to note that newborns lack a patella; This development occurs when the youngster begins to bear weight and gradually moves to standing. It is important to remember that force transmission to the tibia also occurs through the connected tissues surrounding the knee, all together constituting the quadriceps retinaculum, although traditional anatomical representations primarily show the convergence of the four quadriceps muscles with the patellar tendon. While the patella provides some degree of protection to the knee, its primary function is to improve mechanical functionality within the joint.

Origins of patellofemoral pain

Younger people, especially those between 12 and 17 years old, who engage in activities such as running, jumping, and other intense efforts on the lower extremities, are more frequently affected by Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS). This condition, however, is not limited only to a certain age group; People of all ages can develop it as a result of sudden increases in physical demands or activities. Especially in those maneuvers that require high force loads during knee flexion and extension. Interestingly, women are more susceptible than men. Although the root causes are still unclear.

Chondromalacia patellae, defined by the softening and degradation of articular cartilage, is usually a key consequence of PFPS. Below the patella, there is articular cartilage that can deteriorate and degrade when the patella comes into recurrent contact with the femoral condyles. However, it is important to remember that psychological factors can also contribute to discomfort in the anterior part of the knee. Pain related to PFPS can potentially be worsened by factors including anxiety, sadness, catastrophizing (exaggerating the severity of situations), and kinesiophobia (an illogical fear of movement). Although it is unusual for these psychosocial aspects to serve as the primary causes of pain, their interactions with biomechanical components require careful consideration when performing an examination.

Strategies to relieve

The predominant modalities used in the treatment of PFPS are non-invasive and conservative. Patellar taping and bracing are typical therapies of traditional orthopedic therapy and work better in short-term applications than in long-term applications. Improving the balance of strength within the quadriceps muscle is an essential element of physical therapy.

In particular, massage treatment can help reduce peripatellar soft tissue hypertonicity, which is an important factor in the treatment of patellar problems. With these therapies, muscle balance is restored. Furthermore, the relaxing effect of sliding techniques on a painful knee should not be underestimated. Effective methods may combine techniques that use a larger context surface, such as the entire palm or hand, with more focused extraction techniques performed with the thumb, index finger, or perhaps a pressure tool. It is important to note that the therapeutic efficacy of these treatments increases when used simultaneously with vigorous knee movement.

Final Thought

Knee pain, as manifested in PFPS, is a common complaint among people who engage in vigorous physical activity. Optimizing treatment outcomes requires a deep understanding of the biomechanics of the knee and the inherent interactions with the client's activities and psychological situation.


Don't be hesitant to ask for assistance if you experience anterior knee discomfort after hard physical activity. You can reserve an Initial Consultation with a posture analysis to discover which muscles create a dysfunctional posture around the hip and the knees. So, As a therapist, I am prepared to offer you the help you need because I care deeply about your well-being. Begining your recovery today by reserving you appointment.

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